RTO Activities

Open Access Technology, Inc. (March 2003-present)-RTO Business Design

In the past four years Mr. Johnson has developed extensive knowledge of the operations, protocols, and business practices of the major RTO markets in the Eastern US and Canada including:  Pennsylvania-Jersey-Maryland Power Pool (PJM), New York Independent System Operator (NYISO), Independent System Operator of New England (ISO-NE), Independent Electric System Operator of Ontario (IESO), and Mid-West Independent System Operator (MISO).

Current responsibilities include the design of a business software system to support the transaction activities in the New England and New York ISO/RTO environment.  These activities require extensive knowledge of the business protocols of the RTO.  The system will support market bidding, bi-lateral transactions, external market exchanges, FTR management, management of meter data, and shadow settlement of market charges.

Other activities included the overall responsibility for the design, development, marketing, training and implementation of a “Shadow Settlement” tool for verification of electric power market charges as administered by entities such as PJM, IMO, MISO, ISO-NE, and NYISO.  Efforts include business analysis of the various markets and their charges and service offerings.  The “Shadow” tool must correctly use the customer determinants to verify and reconcile charges as produced by the RTO in their period settlement statements and invoices.  The system provides for a web browser method to efficiently assimilate the volumes of RTO data into meaningful information that can be readily understood and acted upon.  The system provides for varying degrees of detail based on the needs of the user and the specifics of the charges being reviewed.  

Mid-Western ISO( May 2002-March 2003)- Project Management/Software:

Assignments included identifying issues, determining root causes, providing solutions, and implementation. Work at the MISO included the management of projects for process improvements, software upgrades, and increased functionality in the completion of their Integrated Common Control System (ICCS) used to manage the RTO engineering and business functions of the regional transmission system.  Mr. Johnson was responsible for working with the various operational managers involved with tariff administration, security coordination, congestion management, scheduling and transmission service reservations to finalize and implement the “increment one” of the ICCS.  Mr. Johnson’s role was to specify and manage the implementation of additional functionality in the software solutions used to manage and operate the MISO RTO transmission system.  Other significant roles included process improvements where performance

Implementation of RTO Operating Protocol (November 2000-February 2002)

Project Management/Business AnalysisIn this project Mr. Johnson was the lead business analyst for the implementation of the operating protocol and software solution for the operation of the GridSouth RTO.  GridSouth was a proposed regional transmission organization consisting of the transmission assets of Duke Energy, Carolina Power and Light (CPL) , and SCANA.  The project required developing operational details for the implementation of the operating protocol consistent with the FERC filed tariff including specific methods and models for the operation and management of the transmission system.  Areas include transmission congestion management methods and tools, scheduling and electronic tagging, and transmission outage management.  He was also responsible for the overall management and requirements testing of the operational RTO software package being delivered from three major industry software providers.

Data Discovery and Analysis:  Developed a data base of operational information of independent non-utility generation (NUG’s) in both New York and Texas.  Information included operating capacity, heat rate, site size and location relative to major gas sources.  Using the NUG data base, developed methods to estimate the potential revenue and profit of the operation of NUG’s in New York and Texas.  This included developing estimates of O&M expenses, market prices and potential hours of operation.

GENCO Model Development: Developed a physical model of generating power plants to represent their operation, cost of incremental power, transmission constraints and interfaced with a Risk Management tool.  System provides information to support decisions about utilization and plans for generating assets and impact of trading on the portfolio of a physical based generation system.

Operational Analysis: Niagara Mohawk Power Company needed to evaluate the economic impact of non-utility generating (NUG) resources and how they impacted “dump” energy on the NMPC system, due to the impacts of the NUG unit operation limitations.  Analysis of unit operation, cycling, off economic operation and interchange billing were quantified.  Mr. Johnson was responsible for analysis, scope of the study, developing sensitivities, developing conclusions and exhibits to support direct testimony before the New York Public Service Commission.

Merger Analysis: Bulk power savings analysis of utilities in the Atlantic seaboard to measure the impacts of potential mergers. This study dealt with determining how the proposed merger and the operational changes would impact regional bulk power flows.  The study required developing regional databases and validating model results, developing modeling assumptions for the merged utility and evaluating results to determine the impact on other utilities in the region.  Numerous engineering assumptions and model approximations were required to develop a representation adequate for the analysis.  Sufficient accuracy was needed to determine potential mergers and possible business arrangements for those mergers.  Mr. Johnson had project responsibility, including scope of effort, analysis of results, assumptions, and final report preparation.

Merger and Acquisition: Gulf States and Entergy merger. Analysis of the benefits of centralized dispatch and bulk power markets.  The study required modeling both systems in various levels of integration: 1) The base assumption was two independent systems with historic levels of economy interchange and contract transactions; 2) The next level was for independent commitment with joint dispatch; 3) Final assumption was for fully coordinated joint commitment and dispatch.  The analysis required evaluating the practicality of results, measuring the economic benefits and preparing exhibits to demonstrate the value of the merger.

Other representative studies: Measuring economic benefit of DSM programs, analysis of improved California/Oregon transmission corridor, and analysis of the upstate/downstate transmission system in New York system.  Working with ESKOM (South Africa) developed methods for analyzing fuel strategies, evaluating fuel contracts, and impacts of transportation constraints.  Developed metrics for performance based rate making in Florida.  Evaluated northwest hydro conditions to establish level of thermal operations in the Pacific Gas and Electric system.  At Florida Power Corporation developed a method to measure impact of IPP operations on utility.

Previous Software Projects

Mr. Johnson was responsible for the development of a model of the physical generation system(GENCO) to provide critical information to a risk management system.  The GENCO system included the development of a market price driven maintenance outage scheduling tool, a weather driven hourly load forecast model and a system to recognize transmission constraints.  The system was developed to include automated procedures for updating results and transfer results to the risk system. 

Mr. Johnson managed the development of an interactive loss of load probability (LOLP) system for the National Grid Company in the United Kingdom. The LOLP system is run daily and is used to compute half-hourly loss-of-load probability for use in establishing capacity payments in England's power pool. The system required computations to be performed to ten significant digits, with numerous checks and controls and detailed audits. The system was used to determine the major component for the capacity payments.  This system was part of the privatization of electricity in England.

Mr. Johnson has been responsible for the marketing and direction of the optimum fuel planning software, FUELPLAN at EDS. He provided technical direction and marketing of FUELPLAN, provided technical consulting in the application of FUELPLAN, and assisted in the implementation of the software at utility client’s sites.

Mr. Johnson has spoken at the Oil Buyers Conference in 1991 and 1993. He has also given numerous talks at the User Forums for PROMOD III and Mainplan.

Florida Power and Light Experience

At Florida Power & Light Company (FP&L) Mr. Johnson provided engineering support to the user department and provided software modifications for power flow, short circuit, transient stability, unit commitment and production costing software. Mr. Johnson worked to define FPL’s needs for a unit commitment program and helped procure, test, and implement it into FPL’s operations. Working with the system dispatch center he was responsible for the design, development, and implementation of their daily load forecast software.


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